How to do ablution

Taken, with modifications, from WIKIHOW.COM
Watch how to perform wudhu

Step 1: Make the intention to do ablution (wudhu)

Intention doesn’t necessarily involve saying anything out loud. Focus on the phrase “Bismillah” (In the name of God). Say it out loud or silently to yourself, whichever makes you comfortable.

Step 2: Wash your hands

 Washing hands
  • Use your left hand to wash your right hand three times.
  • After that, use your right hand to wash your left hand three times.
  • Make sure to wash in between your fingers and all the way up to your wrists.

Step 3: Wash your mouth

 Washing hands
  • Use your right hand to cup water into your mouth three times
  • Swish it around in your cheeks and the back of your throat
  • Do this thoroughly to get all the remaining food in your mouth out

Step 4: Sniff water into your nose

 Washing hands
  • Use your right hand to sniff water into your nose three times, as far back as you can without hurting yourself
  • When you blow the water out, use your left hand to clean your nose


Step 5: Wash your face

 Washing hands
  • Wash your face three times by spreading your hands from your right ear to the left, and from the edge of the hair to the chin
  • If you have a beard, run your wet fingers through your beard


Step 6: Wash from the wrists to the elbows

 Washing hands
  • Wash your right arm with your left hand three times and then wash your left arm with your right hand three times.
  • Wash from the tips of your fingers to just above the elbow
  • One way to do this is cup water in your hand, then lift your hand and let the water run down your arm while rubbing it in.


Step 7: Clean your head

 Washing hands
  • Using your wet hands, gently wipe your head to the back of the neck, where the hairline ends, including the sides just behind the ears and then back to the front again in one movement
  • Do this once.


Step 8: Wipe your ears, inside and out

 Washing hands
  • You don’t need to wet your hands for this, just go directly from wiping the head
  • Use your index finger to wipe the insides of the ear
  • Use your thumb to clean behind your ears from the bottom upward
  • Do this once.


Step 9: Wash your feet

 Washing hands
  • Wash the right foot up to and including the ankle three times
  • Use your pinky finger to rub the water in between the toes.
  • Wash the left foot in the same manner three times.


You have now completed ablution (wudhu). When you are finished, you can also say the testimony of faith (shahada).


What breaks ablution (wudhu)

Deep sleep, urination, defecation, excessive bleeding, and passing gas breaks the ablution. Ablution must be re-done before prayer or touching an Arabic Qur’an.

After intercourse or a wet dream, there is another form of purification that must be performed known as ghusul.